User Experience Design Principles for Websites

Content Marketing

What is the primary function of a site?

There are sites for whatever, from pastimes and individual journals to shops and conversations– however at the end of the day, the primary factor for the majority of sites’ presence is to attract company leads or create cash. It can be direct, like offering items through ecommerce, or indirect, like keeping attention enough time to make advertisement income or making somebody interested adequate to complete a lead kind.

If that’s the objective, then what produces a great user experience (UX)?

A great user experience style is one that focuses on how users get from their beginning point to the point of conversion and profits generation. That suggests it requires to make that user journey simple. The right-brained audience requires a psychological connection with the material, a pleasing visual, clear visual hints to lead them where you desire them to go.

If this is so clear, where do some website design companies fail?

Numerous web designers are too focused on the “style” part of their title. These designers see so lots of sites with basic functions in navigation and company that they desire to be more subtle and artistic– so subtle that the bulk of users have no concept how to utilize the website and bounce.

Instead of beginning with the visuals, an excellent website design firm ought to begin with the technique initially, then material, and last but not least website design services which comply with the previous 2 actions. You need to think about the user’s requirements, difficulties, habits and inspirations, not simply make a trendy style that may win awards. It’s a waste of energy, cash, and time to go the other method, and you’ll be purchasing your next website design company after a couple of months of enjoying traffic and profits slope downward.

The 22 UX website design concepts and finest practices in this post will assist you not just construct a more efficient site, however likewise pleasure, link, and develop an unforgettable experience that stands apart from the pack.

User Experience Web Design Principles:

  1. Site Content
  2. User Journey & Navigation
  3. Design & Web Design


Site Content

  1. Know Your Audience

Prior to you stress about making engaging material, find out about your existing users and the users you hope to have. Produce target personalities that show the various types of clients you might serve, and a user circulation chart that assists you to comprehend what they’ll see initially, next, and last.

Key takeaways

  • Develop personalities for each target user of your website
  • Develop a user flow diagram to identify where they’ll browse
  • After you have a flow diagram, just then can excellent material be made

Key Takeaways

  • Usage clear headings
  • Make certain breadcrumbs are clear
  • Present choices for forward development in the user journey
  1. Pass The Trunk Test

Each page’s material need to have a clear hierarchy. Good UX in content means the user is never feeling lost for long.

  1. Make Your Content Scannable

The average site user spends 1-2 minutes on a given website, which isn’t a lot of time to get their attention. Ideally, a user could progress through your funnel without really having to read small body copy.

” Simple can be more difficult than complex: You need to strive to get your believing tidy to make it easy. It’s worth it in the end because once you get there, you can move mountains.”

~ Steve Jobs

  1. The Homepage is an Elevator Pitch

The user should know within 3-5 seconds what your company does. The homepage is about building a brand narrative with storytelling, and answering users’ main questions. The goal is to build trust and credibility, without leaving the user stranded.

Key Takeaways

  • The user needs to understand what you perform in 3-5 seconds
  • Response who you are, how you do what you do, and why to pick you
  • Do not leave it as much as users to presume crucial details
  1. Scrolling is Easier than Clicking

While it’s real that your most vital material ought to live above-the-fold, the stuff listed below isn’t destined invisibility. Thanks to years of mobile web usage and social networks feeds, the typical user has actually been trained to scroll down on a brand-new website practically instantly. Not just is it anticipated, it’s usually much faster and less psychologically challenging than picking a nav product and clicking it, so putting info in area obstructs to inform more of the story as users scroll is a fantastic method to parse out info.

If you’re a service-based business, you could group related resources, projects and case studies, and testimonials all on one page to be discovered as users scroll. Keep concern in mind, considering that you will lose increasingly more eyes the lower down the page a piece of material lives.

Key Takeaways

  • Users are trained to scroll down on sites now
  • Group associated material together on one page to inform helpful stories
  • Focus on the most crucial details at the top of the page
  1. Response Users Questions

Anticipate the kinds of questions users will have on your page, and answer them throughout the content in a logical way. From there, more specific questions can be considered, like specifications about your product or service.

Key Takeaways

  • Response who your offering is for
  • Go over advantages prior to entering into functions
  • Address concerns as quickly as a user may ask


  1. Enhance Text Container Width

Remember, the main goal is to get users to read the first few sentences. And to that end, your content areas shouldn’t be too wide, otherwise users on extra and standard large screens will find it difficult to track the words and bounce.

” Typographical scientists, Bruijn et al., discovered that individuals choose much shorter line lengths when checking out content online due to the fact that it appears more arranged and simpler to comprehend.”

— source: Social Triggers

  • Inform users what to do next, in imperative verbs and plain terms
  • Do not be subtle
  • Make visual hints, like buttons, huge, vibrant, and apparent
  1. Body Text Should Be No Less Than 16px

Anything less and you will lose some users due to eye pressure, specifically if your target market is mid 30’s and above.

16-pixel text on a screen is about the same size as text printed in a book or magazine; this is accounting for reading distance. If you were to read them at arm’s length, you ‘d want at least 12 points, which is about the same size as 16 pixels on most screens”

It’s the text size browsers display by default. It’s the text size browsers were intended to display … It looks big at first, but once you use it you quickly realize why all browser makers chose this as the default text size.”

— As functionality professional Oliver Reichenstein states in “The 100% Easy-2-Read Standard”

User Journey & Navigation


  1. Do Not Make Me Think

You don’t need to reinvent the wheel when it comes to navigation. Remember that a user wants to get to the content they need with the least amount of resistance possible. Use no more than 2-3 words per navigation item, starting with the most information-carrying word.

” If something needs a big financial investment of time– or appears like it will– it’s less most likely to be utilized.”

— Steve Krug, Don’t Make Me Think: A Common Sense Approach to Web Usability

Key Takeaways

  • Keep your menu to 7 or less products
  • Limitation navigation menu products to 3 or less words each
  • Put visitors requires initially prior to your desires
  • Prevent UX compromise for SEO
  • Prevent exclusive terms in favor of clearness


  1. Limitation Website Page Depth

Don’t make users dig for content. Regardless of depth, make sure to display breadcrumbs like the ones shown in this paragraph to help a user figure out where they are on your site, and quickly get back a few levels if needed.

Key Takeaways

  • 1 to 2 levels of pages is perfect, and 4 is limit
  • Show breadcrumbs to assist orient the user
  • Constantly prefer simpleness in website structure


  1. Group Content in Mega Menus

Mega Menus are great for displaying more content at a time than standard single drop down navigation items, and they can also show graphics that help direct users to featured content, like a new product or a recent blog. Be sure not to require additional dropdowns within the menu if you’re already using a mega menu, as the complexity is more likely to confuse users.

Key Takeaways

  • When you have more than a few offerings, Use mega menus
  • Make mega menus narrower than the screen width for ease of leaving
  • Prevent extra dropdowns within mega menus


  1. Usage Smart Sticky Header

A wise sticky header is a header that stays in view on top of the screen as you scroll back up the page. Because users can easily navigate and see the main menu out to a different page, it’s great for usability. They can likewise see the call to action normally put in the upper right corner of the header bar, in case they’re all set to get the phone, submit a kind or buy an item.

This is much better than the conventional sticky header that triggers as you scroll down since it’s not constantly noticeable and in the method, which uses up important property on the page. That ends up being specifically crucial on smaller sized gadgets.

Key Takeaways

  • When scrolling back up, Smart sticky headers only reappear
  • They avoid interruptions from other page material till they’re required
  • Do not utilize the very same color for links and non connected text


  1. Prevent Overly Creative Design

People already have a mental model of how websites should function, formed by years of user experience design best practices across thousands of sites. Sometimes, you’re so close to your business that it’s hard to stay objective about what a user will already know or assume going in.

” Faced with the possibility of following a convention, there’s a terrific temptation for designers to attempt transforming the wheel rather, mostly since they feel (not improperly) that they’ve been worked with to do something different and new, not the same old thing.”

~ “Don’t Make Me Think” by Steve Krug

Key Takeaways

  • Put the visitors’ requirements above your innovative desires
  • Base navigation and design choices on consumer feedback and information that support your organisation goals


  1. Prevent UX Compromise for SEO

Use the best, simplest, most accurate words for UX elements of your site– don’t be tempted to shove in keywords you’re trying to rank for. Over a decade of SEO research shows that keyword stuffing no longer works anyway, so it’ll be ineffective in addition to bad for user comprehension. A strong, easy to understand user experience.

Key Takeaways

  • Do not pack keywords in navigation, links, or headers where not called for
  • Constantly adhere to the most easy to use terms
  • Excellent UX is more vital for SEO than frequency of keywords


  1. Keep Menus to 7 Items or Less

Your navigation shouldn’t be an encyclopedia of everything– each item needs to have a purpose in the user journey towards their eventual conversion, whatever that means for your site. More options, more reading, more remembering, and more decisions to make all lead to user frustration and bouncing. Every task you eliminate leaves the user with more mental resources for decisions that truly are essential.

Key Takeaways

  • Each product requires to be essential for a user’s journey
  • Far left products need to be the most crucial
  • Far best products must be the last stop, a CTA button


Design & Web Design


  1. Color Matters

As far as user experience design is concerned, it’s a way to cue visitors of a site as to what elements belong together, and what is meant to stand out. While outlines are helpful for separating sections of a site, even better would be full-width color blocks that alternate, section by section.

For the most important interactions like buttons, use a color that isn’t used anywhere else on your site. That way, users will always notice it, and always know that it’s clickable.

Key Takeaways

  • Group areas together with color blocks
  • Stay with 3 or less core brand name colors
  • Make Call to Actions (CTAs) and clickable aspects a various, strong color that sticks out on the page
  1. Usage White Space to Avoid Visual Clutter

In design, “white space” or “negative space” refers to the space that surrounds elements. How much white space and how you use it will impact the feel of your site, and the ability of users to navigate it. If the site has a lot of negative space with few, or even just one focal element, it could feel empty, or it could feel tranquil.

n obvious and clear balance isn’t constantly finest. Nothing has emphasis and visitors might not take actions you want them to take if everything is evenly spaced. Simply bear in mind that white area is an aspect in and of itself, not the absense of them.

Key Takeaways

  • Provide material blocks breathing space– a minimum of 50px cushioning for bottom and top
  • Changing the kerning and the leading can make an extreme distinction in how simple it is to read your material
  • Usage white area for legibility, to bring focus and attention, and finally for style tone and branding
  1. Focus on Above the Fold Content

Users will naturally notice items near the top of the page first, because that’s where they start. Provide a button, if needed, in the top section to allow users to progress even if they don’t view the rest of the page. As far as UX goes, include suggestions in copy, background colors, or even explicit iconography like arrows that encourage users to scroll towards the remaining content.

Key Takeaways

  • Above-the-fold represent about 1-2 focused locations
  • Offer needed buttons up here to direct the user, instead of just at the bottom of the page
  • Usage visual and copy hints to motivate scrolling, if lower material is essential
  1. Standardize Buttons & Links

Everyone knows what a button looks like, so don’t get too creative or you risk confusing the user. Remember to use common website patterns and user interfaces, don’t make them learn something new.

Users should never have to figure out where it leads, so make sure the anchor text is complete and descriptive. Stick to one standard color and style of text for links, avoid using those attributes for non linked text, and make sure that when links are clicked, they change color so users don’t have to remember where they’ve already gone.

Key Takeaways

  • Button color ought to stand apart from the remainder of the site color design
  • Offer hints for connected text such as hover state or text decor such as highlighted
  • Do not utilize the very same color for links and non connected text
  1. Strengthen Information with Icons

Icons have actually been a popular component in website design for a while since they supply more info and hints than a heading would in less time while using up possibly less area and being more appealing for the audience. Most importantly, they can be reasonably low intricacy, lowering visual mess and pressure on the user’s attention period.

Excellent locations for icons consist of representing services, business worth’s, why us, and various functions of an item. Ensure they’re constant in their style treatment.

Key Takeaways

  • Usage icons to strengthen details and separate material
  • Keep them basic, significant, and used sparingly
  • Correspond in their style treatment

21. Construct an Emotional Connection Through Images

Imagery provides the biggest influence on your website, enhancing your credibility and professionalism. It’s what people see first and it brings forward an impression, whether that’s a good or a bad one.

If you have a salesforce that helps sell your services and products it’s imperative they’re on your website.. Individuals will would like to know who they might be dealing with and it contributes to the likeability on your site.

Don’t have people’s backs facing the camera which comes off as impersonal and cold, and make sure images aren’t pixelated or stretched out. Don’t use cliche stock photography, like a bunch of business people in suits looking at a conference room whiteboard, or a group of people jumping up and high fiving each other.

Key Takeaways

  • Images ought to be of high quality, show success and positivity, and narrate
  • Do not utilize cliche stock photography
  • Buy expert photography, specifically when it pertains to your group


  1. Direct the User on What to Do Next

It’s not the user’s job to figure out what to do. Subtlety isn’t your friend here– not every user is clued in on best practices, nor your thought process when designing their journey.

Key Takeaways

  • Inform users what to do next, in imperative verbs and plain terms
  • Do not be subtle
  • Make visual hints, like buttons, huge, strong, and apparent

Required assist with user experience style for sites?

If you require an expert website design service with a tactical, user-centric point of view, we can assist step you through our extensive procedure integrated with our digital strategy services and custom-made WordPress development.

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